VMware vSphere 5.1 with ESXi and vCenter

Course Number:



This class is suitable for anyone who want to learn how to extract the maximum benefit from their investment in Virtual Infrastructure.
Course Duration:
5 days


Attendees should have user, operator or administrator experience on common operating systems such as Microsoft Windows®, Linux™, UNIX™, etc. Experience installing, configuring and managing operating systems, storage systems and or networks is useful but not required. We assume that all attendees have a basic familiarity with PC server hardware, disk partitioning, IP addressing, O/S installation, networking, etc.

Course Objectives:

At the end of the course, attendees will be able to:


  • Explain the many significant benefits of virtualization
  • Install ESXi Server according to best practices
  • Configure and manage local storage
  • Create virtual, distributed virtual, and virtual to physical LAN segments
  • Understand and use shared SAN storage including Fibre SAN, iSCSI SAN
  • Define and use file share (NAS) datastores
  • Install, configure Single Sign On services
  • Install, configure and administer VMware vCenter
  • Create virtual machines, install operating systems and applications
  • Rapidly deployment of VMs using golden-master templates
  • Create clones – one-time copies of virtual machine
  • Perform VM cold migrations, hot migrations and Storage VMotion
  • Configure, manage, monitor and secure users and groups
  • Understand the benefits and trade offs of network, SAN,
  • Deploy and use VMware Data Recovery to back up and recover VMs
  • Create and manage load balanced clusters
  • Understand, create and manage high availability clusters to protect against VM service loss caused by ESXi server failures
  • Monitor and tune both ESXi and virtual machine performance
  • Patch and update ESXi servers using vCenter Update Manager
  • Understand how VMware and third party products, including operating systems, are impacted by virtualization
  • Troubleshoot common problems
Course Outline:

*HoL – Indicated students perform a hands-on at the end of the chapter

  • Virtualization Infrastructure Overview
    • Virtualization explained
    • How VMware virtualization compares to traditional PC deployments
    • Common pain points in PC Server management
    • How virtualization effectively addresses common IT issues
    • VMware vSphere software products


  • How to Install, Configure ESXi 5.1 Installable (HoL[1])
    • Understanding ESXi
    • Selecting, validating and preparing your server
    • Storage controllers, disks and partitions
    • Software installation and best practices
    • Joining ESXi to a Domain
    • First look at the VMware vSphere Client


  • Virtual and Physical Networking (HoL)
    • vNetwork standard and distributed virtual Switches
    • Virtual Switches, Ports and Port Groups
    • Creating VMkernel ports
    • Creating, sizing and customizing Virtual Switches


  • NAS Shared Storage (HoL)
    • Benefits Shared Storage offer to Virtual Infrastructure
    • Shared Storage options
    • NFS Overview
    • Configuring ESX to use NFS Shares
    • Troubleshooting NFS connections


  • Virtual Hardware and Virtual Machines (HoL)
    • VM virtual hardware, options and limits
    • Sizing and creating a new VM
    • Assigning, modifying and removing Virtual Hardware
    • Working with a VM’s BIOS
    • VMware remote console applications
    • Installing an OS into a VM
    • Driver installation and customization


  • Identity Sources and Single Sign On (HoL)
    • The need for Identity Source management
    • Installing and configuring Single Sign On (SSO)
    • Connecting to Active Directory and other identity sources


  • vCenter Server and the Next Generation Client (HoL)
    • vCenter feature overview and components
    • VMware Licensing
    • Registering vCenter with SSO
    • Organizing vCenter’s inventory views
    • Importing ESX hosts into vCenter management
    • Installing and Using the vSphere Next Generation vSphere Client (NGC)


  • VM Rapid Deployment w. Templates, Clones (HoL)
    • Templates – Virtual Machine Golden Master images
    • Creating, modifying, updating and working with Templates
    • Patching, and refreshing Templates
    • Cloning, one time copies of VMs
    • Best practices for cloning and templating
    • Adding and resizing virtual disks


  • ESXi and vCenter Permission Model (HoL)
    • VMware Security model
    • Configuring local users and groups
    • Managing local permissions
    • vCenter security model
    • Local, Domain and Active Directory users and groups
    • How permissions are applied


  • Using Fibre and iSCSI Shared Storage (HoL)
    • Fibre SAN overview
    • Identifying and using Fibre Host Bus Adapters
    • Scanning and Rescanning Fibre SANs
    • iSCSI overview
    • Virtual and physical iSCSI adapters
    • Connecting to iSCSI storage
    • Scanning and rescanning iSCSI SANS
    • Performance and redundancy considerations and best practices


  • VMFS – The VMware File System  (HoL)
    • Unique file system properties of VMFS
    • Managing shared Volumes
    • Creating new VMFS partitions
    • Managing VMFS capacity with LUN spanning and LUN expansion
    • Native and 3rd party Multipathing with Fibre and iSCSI SANs
    • VMFS performance considerations


  • Resource Management and Resource Pools (HoL)
    • How ESX delivers resources to VMs
    • Shares, Reservations and Limits
    • CPU resource scheduling
    • Memory resource scheduling
    • Resource Pools


  • ESX and vCenter Alarms (HoL)
    • Alarm categories and definitions
    • Creating custom alarms and actions
    • Reviewing alarms and acknowledging them


  • Host Profiles (HoL)
    • Using Host Profiles to capture an ESXi host configuration
    • Perform configuration compliance scans
    • Remediating out of compliance configuration issues
    • Rapid ESXi host deployment/configuration with Host Profiles


  • Consolidation with vCenter Converter  (HoL)
    • vCenter Converter overview
    • Converting physical machines, virtual machines and OS Images
    • Cold migrations of physical machines to virtual machines
    • Hot migrations of physical machines to virtual machines


  • VM Back Up, Recovery with Data Recovery (HoL)
    • Pro’s and Con’s of traditional back up strategies
    • Backing up VMs with VMware Data Recovery
    • Backing and restoring your ESXi server configuration
    • Third party VM back up solutions


  • VM Hot and Cold Migration, Storage VMotion (HoL)
    • Cold Migrations to new ESX hosts, datastores
    • Hot Migrations with VMotion
    • VMotion requirements and dependencies
    • How VMotion works – detailed explanation
    • Troubleshooting VMotion
    • Storage VMotion for hot VM disk migrations


  • Load Balancing with DRS Clusters (HoL)
    • Delegated resource management with Resource Pools
    • Resource balanced clusters with VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler
    • DRS Cluster configuration and tuning
    • Per-VM cluster policy overrides


  • Rapid VM Recovery with HA Clusters (HoL)
    • High Availability options to minimize unplanned down time
    • VMware High Availability clusters
    • VMware Fault Tolerance


  • Patching ESXi hosts with Update Manager (HoL)
    • Configure and enable VMware Update Manager
    • Establishing a patch baseline
    • Verifying compliance and patching ESXi hosts


  • Managing Scalability and Performance (HoL)
    • VMkernel CPU and memory resource management mechanisms
    • Tuning VM storage I/O performance
    • Identifying and resolving resource contention
    • Monitoring VM and ESX host performance
    • Performance and capacity planning strategies


  • Final Thoughts
    • Consolidation guidelines for VMs and Storage
    • Determining which workloads to consolidate
    • Other considerations


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